These profiles provide a range of data about the health and care of people with learning disabilities. They can be used by commissioners and health and care professionals to help make decisions about how best to meet the health and care needs of people with learning disabilities.

The profiles are broken down to upper tier Local Authority level, Region, and England. This means you can look at the situation for your area. You can compare your area to others like it.

The indicators are grouped into 4 domains:

  • population
  • health
  • accommodation and social care
  • co-ordination and local planning

More information about the data included in the profiles can be found in People with Learning Disabilities in England. Links to other data and information can be found below.

COVID-19 (Coronavirus)

PHE has published the following guidance in an easy read format:

The full range of Public Health England and government Coronavirus guidance is available on

Health inequalities

Summaries of specific health inequalities experienced by people with learning disabilities. These include:

  • evidence on prevalence and risk factors
  • impact on people with learning disabilities
  • healthcare and treatment
  • social determinants
  • signposting to resources
Breast cancer Cancer Cardiovascular disease
Cervical cancer Constipation
Dementia Diabetes Type 1 Diabetes Type 2
Dysphagia Epilepsy
Falls, fractures, accidents and injuries
Hypertension Menopause
Menstrual issues
Mental health problems Mortality
Oral health
Overweight, obesity and underweight Physical activity
Physical impairments
Pregnancy and birth
Respiratory disease
Sensory impairments Sexual health Sleep problems
Substance misuse
Thyroid disorder  

Health and care data

A set of data and an interactive tool reporting the health of people with learning disabilities across a range of health conditions compared to the general population.

Reasonable adjustments

A series of guidance sharing information, ideas and good practice in making reasonable adjustments for people with learning disabilities in specific health service areas.

Use of psychotropic medication

In 2014 PHE’s report about the extent of prescribing of psychotropic medication to people with learning disabilities, autism or both led to NHS England launching the STOMP campaign to reduce over-medication. In 2019 a study was published that described a system to track prescribing of antipsychotics, antidepressants and other psychotropics for people with learning disabilities, autism or both.

Autism self-assessment framework

Reports presenting the findings from the fourth and fifth autism self-assessment exercises carried out by local authorities (LAs) in 2016 and 2018. They show local authorities’ progress towards meeting the requirements of the Autism Act. For older reports and other resources see the archived Learning Disability Observatory’s Improving Health and Lives (IHAL) website.

Information for social care workers and providers

Guidance for social care staff on how to help people with learning disabilities get better access to medical services to improve their health, and how providers can sign up to the health charter to demonstrate their commitment to doing this.

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