These profiles provide a range of data about the health and care of people with learning disabilities. They can be used by commissioners and health and care professionals to help make decisions about how best to meet the health and care needs of people with learning disabilities.

The profiles are broken down to upper tier Local Authority level, Region, and England. This means you can look at the situation for your area. You can compare your area to others like it.

The indicators are grouped into 4 domains:

  • population
  • health
  • accommodation and social care
  • co-ordination and local planning

More information about the data included in the profiles can be found in People with Learning Disabilities in England. Links to other data and information can be found below.

COVID-19 (Coronavirus)

PHE has published the following guidance in an easy read format:

Other Public Health England Coronavirus guidance:

Health inequalities

Summaries of specific health inequalities experienced by people with learning disabilities. These include:

  • evidence on prevalence and risk factors
  • impact on people with learning disabilities
  • healthcare and treatment
  • social determinants
  • signposting to resources
Breast cancer Cancer Cardiovascular disease
Cervical cancer Constipation
Dementia Diabetes Type 1 Diabetes Type 2
Dysphagia Epilepsy
Falls, fractures, accidents and injuries
Hypertension Menopause
Menstrual issues
Mental health problems Mortality
Oral health
Overweight, obesity and underweight Physical activity
Physical impairments
Pregnancy and birth
Respiratory disease
Sensory impairments Sexual health Sleep problems
Substance misuse
Thyroid disorder  

Health and care data

A set of data and an interactive tool reporting the health of people with learning disabilities across a range of health conditions compared to the general population.

Reasonable adjustments

A series of guidance sharing information, ideas and good practice in making reasonable adjustments for people with learning disabilities in specific health service areas.

Use of psychotropic medication

In 2014 PHE’s report about the extent of prescribing of psychotropic medication to people with learning disabilities, autism or both led to NHS England launching the STOMP campaign to reduce over-medication. In 2019 a study was published that described a system to track prescribing of antipsychotics, antidepressants and other psychotropics for people with learning disabilities, autism or both.

Autism self-assessment framework

Reports presenting the findings from the fourth and fifth autism self-assessment exercises carried out by local authorities (LAs) in 2016 and 2018. They show local authorities’ progress towards meeting the requirements of the Autism Act. For older reports and other resources see the archived Learning Disability Observatory’s Improving Health and Lives (IHAL) website.

Information for social care workers and providers

Guidance for social care staff on how to help people with learning disabilities get better access to medical services to improve their health, and how providers can sign up to the health charter to demonstrate their commitment to doing this.

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Recent updates

June 2020

Annual health checks indicator has been updated to include 2018/19 data at both UTLA and STP level. 

May 2020

Six indicators on Short and Long Term Care (SALT) have been updated to include 2018/19 data at STP level. 

April 2020

One indicator in the 'Population' domain (i.e. 'Learning Disability - QOF Prevalence') now also shows STP level (2018 boundaries) indicator values. 

March 2020

Seven indicators on Short and Long Term Care (SALT) have been updated to include 2018/19 data. Also, one indicator in the 'Population' domain (i.e. 'Learning Disability - QOF Prevalence') has been updated with 2018/19 data. 

February 2020

The latest data for the majority of indicators now also show STP level (2018 boundaries) indicator values.

October 2019

The indicator 'Proportion (%) of eligible adults with a learning disability having a GP health check' has been updated to include 2017/18 data.

August 2019

All the indicators in the domain 'accomodation and social care' except the one around section 42 enquiries have been updated to the 2017/18 data. Also, the indicator 'adults with learning disabilities getting long- term support from local authorities in the 'population' domain has been updated.

December 2018

Children with Special Eductional Needs (SEN) indicators 92127, 92129, 92131, 92133 and 92135 updated to include 2018 data.

August 2018

The indicator 'Learning Disability- QOF Prevalence' has been updated to correct an error which was reported in the earlier update.

February 2018

Data updated for 2015/16 for all indicators and 2016/17 wherever source data was available. Some of the definitions within source data have changed and as a result, these indicators will not be comparable to previous years. See specific indicator metadata for more information.

Please note: Data for indicator 'Adults (18 and older) with learning disability getting long term support from Local Authorities (indicator number 93125) has been updated since the latest release in January 2018.

February 2016

New indicators produced for 2014/15 information that are similar to the indicators previously available. The data to continue each of the previous indicators was not identical for 2014/15 update, therefore indicators cannot be continued as trends would be misleading. See specific indicator metadata for more information.

March 2015

First version released on Fingertips. Previously held on Instant Atlas.